Maps. Cherokee Nation exercises tribal jurisdiction over a , square mile area in northeastern Oklahoma. This jurisdiction was established more than years ago, when the Cherokee Nation was relocated to Indian Territory, in present day Oklahoma..The Eastern Band of Cherokee Nation is one of the only three federally recognized Cherokee tribes. There are about , members, most of whom live on the Reservation. Properly called the Qualla Boundary, the Reservation is slightly more than , acres held in trust by the federal government..Federally recognized reservations. Most of the tribal land base in the United States was set aside by the federal government as Native American Reservations.In California, about half of its reservations are called rancherias.In New Mexico, most reservations are called Pueblos.In some western states, notably Nevada, there are Native American areas called Indian colonies..A culture, a people, and a place that’s actually a sovereign nation, Cherokee is located right in the heart of Western North Carolina. It’s also base camp for hiking in the Great Smokies, arts and crafts shopping, native elk herd viewing, hours of fishing fun, and home to a history that spans millennia..